What Makes Food Organic

Lately, there’s been a lot of conversation about how food is grown. Is organic food better? Do they use pesticides? Is the government involved? Should I eat all organic or all conventional? To help sort through the issue, let’s explore the difference between organic and conventional food.

What’s the Difference? Organic & Conventional:

Explained in 1 Minute


Organic and conventional—they look and taste the same, so what’s the real difference? Learn the basics of organic and conventional farming.

For all the talk about organic and conventional farming you might think our fruits and vegetables are grown on different planets. They look and taste the same and they’re nutritionally identical, so what’s the real difference between the two? Give it a minute. The difference between conventional fruits and veggies, and those labeled organic, isn’t the food but the way it’s farmed. This includes everything from planting to growing and protecting crops.

Conventional farmers plant a variety of seeds which may include GMO seeds with benefits like pest resistance and drought tolerance. To comply with the organic industry standards organic farmers typically use seeds from organically grown parent plants. Organic farmers use fertilizers derived from nature, often that means manure. While animal waste may seem a little gross, it contains things plants love, nitrogen and minerals. Conventional farmers use manure too, but they also use man-made fertilizers with those same nutrients.

To protect harvest from pests and weeds, organic and conventional share many methods and both can use approved pesticides. Organic farms are just limited to a shorter list of non-synthetic ones. While organic and conventional farmers use different methods, they both work to meet the global demand for food. Today this demand is largely met through conventional means. That’s a lot to cover in a minute, so if you still have questions, check out discover.monsanto.com.

No Matter What You Eat,

The Choice is Yours

Making the right decisions for your diet, budget and values can be challenging. All the marketing, labels and conflicting information make even a simple choice like choosing organic or conventional food, a tough call. This illustration will help you stay informed in the produce aisle.

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We All Deserve Safe, Accessible, Affordable, Nutritious Food

Between organic or conventional farming (with or without GMOs) – there’s plenty of choices. No matter what you eat, your food should be grown using sustainable practices that help preserve our planet and nourish our growing world.

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